Carbon Blacks are typically elemental Carbon that is available in highly dispersed powdered forms. They are produced from hydrocarbons by controlled vapour-phase pyrolysis. Carbon Black is one of the most important types of pigments that have major industrial applications. In Producing Carbon Black there are numerous processes available. Mostly all the production processes depends on thermal decomposition or incomplete burning of fuel oil or natural gas (hydro carbons). Majority of all carbon black is made by employing the furnace process. Furnace black and channel black are the two very popular variants of Carbon Black. Others include acetylene black, lamp black and thermal black. Mostly all types of Carbon blacks contain oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulphur.
- Application : Carbon black is mainly used as a reinforcing filler in tires and other rubber products. In plastics, paints, and inks, carbon black is used as a color pigment.